ТHE DEČANI MONASTERY
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ТHE DEČANI MONASTERY
Бранислав Тодић и Милка Чанак Медић
саиздаваштво са Музејем Приштина седиште у Београду
(и Центром за очување наслеђа на Косову и Метохији „Mnemosуne“)
прво издање, 2013
23,5 х 32 цм
536 стр.
тврд повез
енглески језик
ISBN: 978-86-519-1653-6
Пуна цена:
14.850,00 ДИН

Цена на сајту:
12.622,50 ДИН + (трошкови доставе)

Цена за чланове клуба са попустом:
11.137,50 ДИН
+ (трошкови доставе)

Visoki Dečani

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Visoki Dečani (Serbian Cyrillic: Високи Дечани) is a major Serbian Orthodox monastery located in Metohija (Kosovo), 12 km (7 mi) south of the town of Peć. The monastic katholikon is the largest medieval church in the Balkans containing the most extensive preserved fresco decoration.[citation needed]

History
 
The monastery was established in a chestnut grove by Serbian King Stefan Uroš III Dečanski in 1327. Its original founding charter is dated to 1330. The following year the king died and was buried at the monastery, which henceforth became his popular shrine. Indeed, the epithet Dečanski refers to the king's foundation of the monastery. The construction was continued by his son Emperor Stefan Uroš IV Dušan until 1335, but the wall-painting was not completed until 1350.
 
The monastic church, dedicated to Christ Pantocrator and built from blocks of red-purple, light-yellow and onyx marble, was constructed by builders working under a Franciscan friar, Vitus of Kotor. The church is distinguished by its imposing size and Romanesque and early Gothic structure and design. Apart from the extensive and well preserved fresco cycles the interior features the original 14th-century stone templon, the throne of the hegumen and the carved wooden sarcophagus of the founder King Stefan.
 
On the "The Crucifixion" fresco, painted in 1350, objects similar to UFOs can be found. They represent two comets that look like space ships, with two men inside of them, and are often quoted by Ufologists.[2][3][4]
 
Visoki Dečani was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1990, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. In 2004, UNESCO listed the monastery on the World Heritage List, citing its frescoes as "one of the most valued examples of the so-called Palaeologan renaissance in Byzantine painting" and "a valuable record of the life in the 14th century". In 2006, it was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger due to the potential for attacks by ethnic-Albanians; it is protected by the United Nations' KFOR.
 
Architectural features
 
The church has five-nave naos, a three-part iconostasis, and a three-nave parvise. With a dome, it is 30 m high[citation needed]. Its outer walls are done in alternate layers of white and pink marble. The portals, windows, consoles, and capitals are richly decorated. Christ the Judge is shown surrounded by angels in the western part of the Church. Its twenty major cycles of fresco murals represent the largest preserved gallery of Serbian medieval art, featuring over 1000 compositions and several thousand portraits.

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